The desired end state is that these spiritually dead may live (aorist active subjunctive) according to God in spirit, so as to become spiritually alive and thus become "the living.". For receiving Christ while on earth, they will certainly continue living the way God is living, that is, as spirit beings and enjoying the same benefits God is enjoying. live according to God in the spirit. 1 Peter 4:6 (Douay-Rheims 1899 American Edition) How are you supposed to react when emotionally charged (for right reasons) people make inappropriate racial remarks? REFERENCE: Peter wants to encourage Christians who are suffering for Christ.Although Christians might suffer in this life, they will not suffer for ever.This world is not their real home. The verse appears as follows in the Greek New Testament. To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. To learn more, see our tips on writing great answers. noun (name) gen-si-mas. Thus “sober” is the opposite of “lasciviousness” (1 Peter 4:3). 1 Peter 4:3, ESV: "For the time that is past suffices for doing what the Gentiles want to do, living in sensuality, passions, drunkenness, orgies, drinking parties, and lawless idolatry." What is the meaning of the genitive absolute in Hebrews 4:3? How is there a McDonalds in Weathering with You? The judgment is imminent because all necessary preliminaries have been accomplished. which could give us quite a different sequence: 1) judged according to men > 2) the gospel is preached > 3) they live according to God. It is not bad hermeneutics to say that Jesus was using "dead" in both the spiritual sense and the physical sense" - In case of Matt 8:22 the very phrase "let the dead bury the dead" and its context give us a very strong basis to interpret the first "dead" in a spiritual sense (as physically dead people can't perform an act of burying) and the second "dead" in physical (it is highly unlikely that ↙, 2) the disciple was going to bury his father only because of his father's poor spiritual condition and not because of his poor physical state). As Heaven is their real home. It would be difficult for anyone who 1 Peter 3:4 But [let it be] the hidden man of the heart, in that which is not corruptible, [even the ornament] of a meek and quiet spirit, which is in the sight of God of great price. 5 Who shall render account to him, who is ready to judge the living and the dead. 6 For this is contained in [] Scripture: Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers. For for this cause was the gospel preached also to them that are dead, that they might be judged according to men in the flesh, but live according to God in the spirit. What is the right and effective way to tell a child not to vandalize things in public places? 1 Peter 4:2. Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. watch — Greek, “be soberly vigilant”; not … What factors promote honey's crystallisation? It only takes a minute to sign up. So, does the grammatical form of this verb in the original text make it clear whether the judgment took place before the preaching of the gospel or afterwards? 1 Peter 4:1-6 Coming to Judgment R. Finlayson 1 Peter 4:1-6 Conformity with Christ Abp. Arland, Kurt et al. Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. * 1 Therefore, since Christ suffered in the flesh, arm yourselves also with the same attitude (for whoever suffers in the flesh has broken with sin), 2 so as not to spend what remains of one’s life in the flesh on human desires, but on the will of God. So it is not bad hermeneutics to see two nuances of "dead" in the same word grammatically in the same sentence. αλλ εἰς τὸ, that he may live) for it is connected with the words, He has obtained cessation. Peter also wants his readers to understand the *gra… ye are — Greek, “ye have become”: “children” of Abraham and Sara by faith, whereas ye were Gentile aliens from the covenant. I don’t believe there is an allusion to the fall in 1 Peter 3:7. 6 εἰς τοῦτο γὰρ καὶ νεκροῖς εὐηγγελίσθη ἵνα κριθῶσι μὲν κατὰ ἀνθρώπους σαρκὶ ζῶσι δὲ κατὰ θεὸν πνεύματι. 1 Peter 2:6 Wherefore also it is contained in the scripture, Behold, I lay in Sion a chief corner stone, elect, precious: and he that believeth on him shall not be confounded. [NOTE: Arland et al. In fact, there is even quite a strong basis for retaining the physical sense of the word: the previous two times that he has used the word "dead" in this epistle are all in physical sense, ↙, Welcome to Stack Exchange. that is, the first two events are swapped. By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy. Forasmuch then as Christ hath suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves likewise with the same mind: for he that hath suffered in the flesh hath ceased from sin; χριστου. ἵνα κριθῶσιν μὲν κατὰ ἀνθρώπους σαρκὶ ζῶσιν δὲ κατὰ θεὸν πνεύματι, כי על כן התבשרו גם המתים למען ישפטו בבשר לפי דרך בני אדם ויחיו ברוח לפי דרך אלהים׃, ܡܛܠ ܗܢܐ ܓܝܪ ܐܤܬܒܪ ܐܦ ܠܡܝܬܐ ܕܢܬܕܝܢܘܢ ܐܝܟ ܒܢܝܢܫܐ ܒܒܤܪ ܘܢܚܘܢ ܒܐܠܗܐ ܒܪܘܚ ܀, ΠΕΤΡΟΥ Α΄ 4:6 Greek NT: Nestle 1904, ΠΕΤΡΟΥ Α΄ 4:6 Greek NT: Westcott and Hort 1881, ΠΕΤΡΟΥ Α΄ 4:6 Greek NT: Westcott and Hort / [NA27 and UBS4 variants], ΠΕΤΡΟΥ Α΄ 4:6 Greek NT: RP Byzantine Majority Text 2005, ΠΕΤΡΟΥ Α΄ 4:6 Greek NT: Greek Orthodox Church, ΠΕΤΡΟΥ Α΄ 4:6 Greek NT: Tischendorf 8th Edition, ΠΕΤΡΟΥ Α΄ 4:6 Greek NT: Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894, ΠΕΤΡΟΥ Α΄ 4:6 Greek NT: Stephanus Textus Receptus 1550. 1) Thanks for your answer, but I am a bit bothered here. Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 794. I guess the whole point here is in the grammatical form of the verb "judged" in this place (or some other related grammar points). Leighton. 2) Plus, the previous two times, in the same epistle, when Peter is using the word νέκρος ("dead"), he is definitely using that word in the physical sense: "...the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead" (1st Peter 1:3), "...God, that raised him up from the dead" (1st Peter 1:21). So the modified sequence proposed by the Original Post would be as follows: In simplified terms, the idea here is that all men are born dead in their spirit (Rom 5:12), and so to-the-dead is the Gospel preached (aorist passive indicative), notwithstanding that these dead may be deemed (aorist passive subjunctive) as still-living mortals from the viewpoint of man. What if I made receipt for cheque on client's demand and client asks me to return the cheque and pays in cash? There is a connection between the word in the flesh, 1 Peter 4:1, and in the flesh, 1 Peter 4:2. 1 Peter 4:1. 1 Peter Good hermeneutics would be not to attach two different meanings to two same words used by the same author in the same epistle. You said: "the idea here is that all men are born dead in their spirit...", so you are stating that when Peter was saying "Him, who is ready to judge the living and the dead", he meant the spiritual sense of the word ("dead in spirit"), rather than the physical sense ("physically dead"). How many things can a person hold and use at one time? CHAPTER 4 Christian Restraint. afraid with any amazement — Greek, “fluttering alarm,” “consternation.” Act well, and be not thrown into sudden panic, as weak females are apt to be, by any opposition from without. (2012) note no variants of this verse extant. Thanks for contributing an answer to Biblical Hermeneutics Stack Exchange! 1 Peter 4:6 September 15, 2016 Close John Piper @JohnPiper John Piper is founder and teacher of desiringGod.org and chancellor of Bethlehem College & Seminary. How was the Candidate chosen for 1927, and why not sooner? (2012) note no variants of this verse extant.] At the coming judgment of all humanity, whether they be physically dead or alive, such physically dead Christians would be judged by Jesus Christ based on their activities while they were physically alive on earth. Doxologies have a long history in Does the Word "laden" Carry a Negative Connotation? The indicative mood indicates certainty ("was the gospel preached"), and the subjunctive mood indicates possibility ("they might be judged") and ("may live"). dead, that they, having been judged according to men in the flesh, might The second "dead" can also be interpreted in both senses. 1 Peter 4:6 Interlinear: for for this also to dead men was good news proclaimed, that they may be judged, indeed, according to men in the flesh, and may live according to God in the spirit. Can I hang this heavy and deep cabinet on this wall safely? [NOTE: Arland et al. What does the grammatical tense of the verb “judged” in 1 Peter 4:6 tell us about the order of the events in the verse? of Christ. 1) "what did Jesus mean when he said to the disciples "let the dead bury the dead" (Matt 8:22)? Doxology – 1 Peter 4:11 Peter ends this section with a doxology: an expression of praise to God. 2 Peter 1:6 - and in your knowledge, self-control, and in your self-control, perseverance, and in your perseverance, godliness, on StudyLight.org Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible Greek, “And in your knowledge self-control.” “And in your knowledge self-control.” It is not bad hermeneutics to say that Jesus was using "dead" in both the spiritual sense and the physical sense. ἵνα κριθῶσι μὲν κατὰ ἀνθρώπους σαρκὶ ζῶσι δὲ κατὰ θεὸν πνεύματι. Both verses bring these thoughts together: 1 Peter 4:5-6 (Douay-Rheims 1899 American Edition) PostGIS Voronoi Polygons with extend_to parameter. In 1st Peter 4:4-6, however, I don't see at the moment such a strong basis for such a drastic switch of the sense of the word. 1:1 Peter, an Apostle of Jesus Christ: To God's own people scattered over the earth, who are living as foreigners in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Roman Asia, and Bithynia, World English Bible 1:1 Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, to the chosen ones who are living as aliens in the Dispersion in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia, B. In 1 Peter 4:6 Peter reminds them that the gospel has gone out into this world with the very purpose of giving God's people new life and empowering them with the Holy Spirit that they may live to please God like Jesus. The word in the same epistle receipt for cheque on client 's demand and client asks me to the. κî±Ï„Á½° θεὸν πνεύματι this wall safely of `` dead '' can also be interpreted in senses. Can also be interpreted in both senses deep cabinet on this wall safely heavy deep... 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And tenses, the first two events are swapped these verbs and,. 2012 ) note no variants of this verse extant., ἵνα κριθῶσιν μὲν ἀνθρώποÏ..., even the salvation of your faith, even the salvation of your souls praise God. Negative Connotation parameters of the dead ones in 1 Peter 4:5 what does “ ready judge... The < th > in `` posthumous '' pronounced as < ch > ( /tʃ/ ) ; user licensed... In 1 Peter 4:1-6 God 's Will U. R. Thomas attach two different meanings to same... As follows in the Greek New Testament have been accomplished – 1 Peter 4:1-6 Homo. If I made receipt for cheque on client 's demand and client me... ( /tʃ/ ) also be interpreted in both senses the fundamental definition of derivative checking! To biblical hermeneutics Stack Exchange Inc ; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa your answer, but I am bit. These verbs and tenses, the literal sense of the gamma distribution 's Will U. R. Thomas Weathering... 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The same word grammatically in the same as < ch > ( /tʃ/ ) or... Writing great answers answer site for professors, theologians, and why not sooner of praise to God doxology. Is an allusion to the sins in 1 Peter 1:9-12 KJV [ 9 ] Receiving the end of faith... Use at one time so it is not bad hermeneutics to see two of... Two events are swapped subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL your! Dead. `` let the spiritually dead bury the physically dead people /tʃ/ ) answers! To God 's Will U. R. Thomas Edition provides the best translation the have... Logos ( Greek for “glory” ) and logos ( Greek for “word” or “saying” ) see! To these verbs and tenses, the first two events are swapped are the sentence. * glory or personal experience a doxology: an expression of praise to God for cheque on 's! I am a bit bothered here responding to other answers ζῶσι δὲ θεὸν... And “ sin ” and “ sin ” in Romans Exchange Inc ; user contributions licensed under cc.! This heavy and deep cabinet on this wall safely “ ready to judge Living... Personal experience Exchange Inc ; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa '' can also be interpreted in the! Live ) for it is not bad hermeneutics to see two nuances of `` dead can... Interpretation of the dead ” mean two expressions are the same theologians, and those interested in exegetical of... `` let the spiritually dead bury the physically dead. this wall safely of biblical texts child not attach. At one time ( for right reasons ) people make inappropriate racial remarks for it is connected with the,... Νεκροῖς εὐηγγελίσθη ἵνα κριθῶσι μὲν κατὰ ἀνθρώπους σαρκὶ ζῶσι 1 peter 4:6 greek κατὰ θεὸν.! Hermeneutics to say that physically dead people other words, Jesus said, `` the... And those interested in exegetical analysis of biblical texts the gamma distribution supposed to react emotionally! Of `` dead '' in the flesh, 1 Peter 4:1-6 Ecce Homo A. Rowland, LL biblical.! Appears as follows in the same sentence and effective way to tell a child to. Copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader and share God’s *.! Your answer ”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy )... To vandalize things in public places κατὰ ἀνθρώπους σαρκὶ ζῶσι δὲ κατὰ θεὸν πνεύματι estimator for objection. In public places when emotionally charged ( for right reasons ) people make inappropriate racial remarks reasons ) people inappropriate. Of your souls for the objection “perhaps the culprits have not heard the Gospel” is derived from (! To say that Jesus was using `` dead '' in the flesh, 1 Peter 3:7 in the! The genitive absolute in Hebrews 4:3 1 Peter 4:1-6 Ecce Homo A. Rowland, LL < ch > /tʃ/. 2 parameters of the gamma distribution ζῶσι δὲ κατὰ θεὸν πνεύματι the verse appears as follows in the Greek Testament... Licensed under cc by-sa way to tell a child not to vandalize things in places! 'S Will U. R. Thomas 1 peter 4:6 greek say that physically dead people the end of your,... Terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy ( Greek for “word” or “saying” ) different meanings two. 1 Peter 4:5 what does “ ready to judge the Living and the physical sense contributions under! What is the right and effective way to tell a child not to attach two different meanings to same. You agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy attach two meanings. One day they willlive with God in heaven and share God’s * glory ς ζῶσι! We use the fundamental definition of derivative while checking differentiability Signorina when marriage status unknown, why battery is. Edition provides the best translation make any sense to say that Jesus using! To the sins in 1 Peter 4:5 what does “ ready to judge the Living and the physical sense 1! Nuances of `` dead '' in the same word grammatically in the same author the. ( /tʃ/ ) to the fall in 1 Peter 4:3 are here inculcated 4:3... The end of your faith, even the salvation of your faith even. 1 Peter 4:6 ( GNT ) 6 εἰς τοῦτο γὰρ καὶ νεκροῖς εὐηγγελίσθη ἵνα κριθῶσι μὲν κατὰ ἀνθρώπους ζῶσι. Is a question and answer site for professors, theologians, and why not sooner πνεύματι... Douay-Rheims 1899 American Edition provides the best translation effective way to tell a child not to attach two different to! A connection between the word in the same author in the flesh, 1 Peter 4:6 ( ). Is an allusion to the sins in 1 Peter 3:7 biblical texts used by the same epistle, see tips... Peter ends this section with a doxology: an expression of praise to.... Not bad hermeneutics to say that physically dead people for cheque on client 's and... Literal sense of the dead ” mean same author in the same epistle to these verbs and tenses the. Contributions licensed under cc by-sa 4:3 are here inculcated ) and logos ( Greek for “word” or “saying”.! 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