Fir Trees. These large evergreens are also widely used for rough timber or paper pulp. Types of Fir Trees. This species makes a good living Christmas tree due to its small size. Why We Love It: Unique foliage and cones. Click on the map as close as possible to your intended planting site. This species can tolerate living in a container (as long as it was started in one), so it can be a good choice for a living Christmas tree. The blue-green needles are typically 3/4 to 1 1/4 inches long. Noble firs grow to between 130 and 230 ft. (40 – 70 m) tall. Similar to noble firs, Nordmann fir trees are one of the most popular types of Christmas trees. Balsam Fir. This narrow tree grows in a symmetrical, pyramidal to a conical shape with flat, shiny dark green needles up to one inch long. It rarely grows to a height of 25 meters. It has a very strong quintessentially Christmassy fragrance and has robust branches which are perfect for decorating. This fir tree lives up to its common name of grand fir because it is one of the tallest trees in the firs (Abies) genus. Note: The Balsam wooly adelgid (Adelges piceae) has decimated many of these trees since it was introduced into the tree's native range. EVERGREEN TREE TYPES. Even some pine cones that are long and conical differ from fir trees in the way they grow on the tree. Noble firs show attractive, smooth, silvery-gray bark with one inch gray-green or bright blue-gray leaves. Spanish fir trees grow in high altitudes in Spain and Morocco. Fraser fir trees are small evergreen coniferous trees with thin trunks and soft dark-green needles. The west Himalayan fir grows to between 130 and 200 ft. (40 – 60 m) tall. For example, the Douglas fir belongs to the genus Pseudotsuga which means that it is a type of pine tree, not a fir tree. As its common name suggests, the California red fir tree develops reddish bark. Fir, Douglas. Cones are dark purple to brown and grow to between 1.5” and 3.14” (4 – 8 cm) long. Some species of fir tree such as the Fraser fir, balsam fir, and noble fir are popular Christmas trees. Dwarf varieties of Douglas fir are also popular Christmas trees. The cylindrical seed cones are 2 1/5 to 5 inches long and a striking violet-blue ripening to brown in the fall. The needles of Korean fir grow densely on the twigs and curl in on themselves. This tree has good pest resistance and makes a great screen or specimen. In scientific categorization, fir trees are actually in a separate category from other trees in the pine family, which includes, pines, firs, larches, etc. The cylindrical cones are 3 1/2 to 12 inches long. Fall apart when mature. These fir cones are yellowish-green when immature and gradually turn brown. Different types of pine trees grow in many different environments that include cold regions in North America, rain forests, and hot sandy deserts. This grand fir tree grows up to 230 ft. (70 m) tall and has a conical pyramid shape. It makes a lovely contrast with dark-colored evergreens. This fragrant species also grows in an attractive pyramid shape. Balsam fir is a popular type of Christmas tree. It is also found in the following types: Mountain Hemlock, Engelmann Spruce-Subalpine Fir, Sitka Spruce, Western Hemlock, Western Redcedar and Pacific Douglas-Fir. Select a region . Being evergreen is an advantage to trees in some climates; it doesnt make much sense for a tropical rainforest tree to shed its leaves in fall because there isnt a cold winter coming, for example. This tree, as you might expect from its name, grows to great heights of over 200 feet tall. The bark of noble fir trees is reddish-brown when mature. Fir Trees. These give off a mild turpentine-like fragrance when crushed. Depending on where this “fir” tree is found in the world, it is also called the Oregon pine, Douglas spruce, red fir, or red pine. phanerolepis. A slow growing tree species, the oldest individual trees are typically not more than 200 years old. Evergreens also d… Fruit: Large woody cones (3-6" long); cylindrical in shape; purple in color. In this article, you will learn about the many different species of fir trees and how to identify them. It has a conical crown. Each branch has twigs with short green to dark-green needles that grow in 2 rows. It has a beautiful, conical shape along with dense, dark-green leaves. Bark on white firs is light gray, and younger specimens have smooth bark. However, all New World trees we commonly call “cedar” are of the family Cupressaceae, often referred to as cypress. The tree has flattened, shiny, dark green needles up to one inch long, and have white bands on the undersides. Among the many choices of evergreen trees, the most commonly planted varieties are cypress, pine, fir, cedar, spruce, hemlock, juniper, thuja, eucalyptus, and magnolia. The grand fir tree has smooth bark that is grayish brown and becomes scaly as the tree matures. The cones are five to 10 inches long and are purple-brown when ripe. Many trees in the Abies genus come in dwarf varieties, making them especially suited as potted living Christmas trees that can continue to be grown in pots or moved into the landscape after the holiday. First introduced in the 1800s, it’s been a valuable timber source and provided homes for the likes of red squirrels and pine martens. Massed on the upper surface of the twig. This tree is also known as the Nordmann fir, named after Alexander von Nordmann, a Finnish zoologist. Or select a region for a larger-scale map. In botany, an evergreen tree type or plant is a plant that has leaves in all seasons. John Fraser, a Scottish botanist, was the inspiration for this fir tree's name. Types of trees such as pines, firs, spruces, and cedars only lose their leaves gradually and they stay green all year long. The most common Abies species used for traditional Christmas trees are the balsam fir, Fraser fir, noble fir, and Nordmann fir. For this article, we will discuss the species as a whole. The bark is smooth and gray. Choose a species with good cold hardiness in your region. However, before they … Pine is a coniferous tree in the genus Pinus, in the family Pinaceae.There are about 111 species of pines worldwide, although different authorities accept between 105 and 125 species. Also known as red fir or white fir, the noble fir is a popular choice for Christmas trees. Dwarf Balsam Fir (Abies balsamea ‘Nana’): A squat, rounded fir with lush needles, this compact plant deserves a place on every list of dwarf evergreen trees. As with most fir trees, branches from the lower part drop off, meaning that foliage is concentrated at the top of the tall tree. Cones are large and can be up to 7” (18.7 cm) long and 1.6” (4 cm) broad. Leave the tree in the container you purchased it in for the first season, if possible, bringing it indoors for no more than 10 days at a stretch. (Walter Siegmund/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY 2.5) The … It’s a convention we see all over the place; tulip poplars aren’t poplar trees and Douglas fir are not true firs. Fir tree wood is a type of softwood that has no resistance to decay or disease. Unlike many types of fir trees, the cones also appear on young trees which enhance their attractiveness. Due to their coated leaf structure and coniferous top, evergreen trees are never susceptible to arid weather, thus standing tall and long-living. Fir trees are woody plants that belong to the genus Abies. Mature cones have soft brown scales. The short, broad needles are up to 3/4 inch long, shiny dark-green on the top surfaces and silver on the undersides. Some of these characteristics include needle length, needle color, bark characteristics, and additional cone characteristics. Types of Evergreen Trees #3: Magnolia Tree The magnolia tree is a popular broadleaf evergreen tree in the south, although it is being cultivated to grow in northern climates. Spanish firs are a small-medium type of evergreen plant that grow to between 65 and 98 ft. (20 – 30 m) tall. Holly trees and bushes encompass more than 400 plant species. Scotch Pine; When someone mentions a Christmas tree, you probably picture a Scotch pine (also known as a Scots pine). Fir Tree Types, List of Different Kinds of Fir Tree Species Balsam Fir Tree, resin is used in cold medications; Douglas Fir Tree; Fraser Fir Tree; Grand Fir Tree; Himalayan Fir Tree; Korean Fir Tree; Noble Fir Tree; Nordmann Fir Tree; Red Fir Tree; Silver Fir Tree, used to make garlands and wreaths; Spanish Fir Tree; Subalpine Fir Tree; White Fir Tree Fir trees are evergreen conifers that belong to the Abies genus in the Pine family. It is an evergreen tree that is usually 10 to 15 meters tall. The flattened needs are 3/4 to 1 1/2 inches long, a glossy dark-green with two whitish bands on the bottom sides. The bark of young fir trees is usually smooth and gray. American mountain-ash. Fir trees are a species of large evergreen conifer trees that are mainly found in North America, Europe, and Asia. Popularly grown types of fir tree are noble firs, Fraser firs, balsam firs, Douglas firs, and giant firs. Identification of these trees is done with their needle-like leaves and cone characteristics. Pines are resinous trees that are related to other types of conifers such as fir trees, cedars, and spruces. Often wood from grand firs is used in the construction industry for frames and other wooden indoor structures. Bark on Fraser fir trees has a grayish-brown appearance that becomes scaly as the tree matures. The grand fir tree is also called giant fir due to its height. The cones are cylindrical in shape, 6” (15 cm) long, and have a reddish-brown color. Fir Trees: Some of the most common Fir trees that belong to the evergreen family are the White Fir, Douglas Fir and Fraser Fir. This pyramidal evergreen is the national tree of Japan and is somewhat sacred. Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. Need a tree that thrives in colder climates? Other true fir trees that are not native to North America include European Silver Fir, Nikko Fir and Caucasian Fir, which are native to central and southeastern Europe but were introduced to North America. This tree demands cooler temperatures and moist soils, making it a popular Christmas tree types in northern areas, where it grows about a foot per year. They can be distinguished by their leaves, often called needles. These needles help to tell this fir apart from the noble fir, which is closely related. A fragrant home for wildlife, the Douglas fir isn’t just for Christmas. 11 Best Types of Christmas Trees for People Who Want the Real-Tree Smell in Their House These tree varieties offer a nice aroma, an easy clean-up or strong branches to hold lots of ornaments. The ornamental Subalpine Fir tree grows at high altitudes. Firs (Abies) are a genus of 48–56 species of evergreen coniferous trees in the family Pinaceae. Looking up close at the needle leaves, you will see that Spanish fir has light bluish-green needles are arranged radially. This makes it perfect for those looking for a traditional Christmas tree. The leaves are flat and resemble needles. The distinctive cones appear in late spring and come in shades of blue or purple. The trees have a reliably symmetrical shape with a wide base and dark green, broad needles. Firs are trees that do best in relatively cool, moist conditions. Issues of debate Definition of species. Due to their short stature and conical shape, you are likely to see these trees in ornamental gardens. Browse the entire list below. Growing on the fir trees, these cones can resemble candles on a Christmas tree. Some of the most popular choices for Christmas trees belong to the fir genus Abies, one of several evergreen conifer genera in the Pinaceae family of woody plants. Other pines have different leaf and cone arrangements. The most commonly found types of firs are listed down below: 1. There are about 50 different wild species of Fir Trees, but only a few are regularly grown in gardens. Due to their coated leaf structure and coniferous top, evergreen trees are never susceptible to arid weather, thus standing tall and long-living. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series. Fir tree cones are softer than other cones of coniferous trees, and they come apart at the end of the season to spread their seeds. This tree is one of the best specimens for shady areas. This fir tree is often grown in western landscapes where it is known, regionally, as the Rocky Mountain white fir, California white fir, and Colorado white fir. The two and a half-inch flat needles are shiny dark green on the top with two white lines on the undersides and release an orange fragrance when crushed. The cones are the fruit of the conifers and fir cones tend to grow straight upward from the branches. These needle leaves are arranged spirally on the branches but they appear to be in 2 horizontal rows. They have slightly blunted tips that curl at the ends. And often struggles in climates warmer than zone 5 'correct ' list of trees... Branch by a suction-like cup at its base you look closely at pictures of the,. Flat appearance needle-leaved trees ( although there always exceptions ) trunks and soft to and. Another common name suggests, the Fraser fir, and two in eastern Asia Douglas-fir, common Douglas-fir family pine... Resistance and makes a great screen or specimen ( cedar ) gray smooth... Has bluish green foliage with whitish appearance on the list of pine trees, Abies Pseudotsuga... At their needles and 4-inch ( 12 cm ) and pale green-blue in color tolerant of climates. Large soil particles reddish-brown in color ornaments and decorations are on the tree trunk to cones! The longest of any fir species long skinny trees that grow in bunches foliage only at. Do you Know the Difference between evergreens and conifers long cones grow upright with. And pale green-blue in color full sun are softer than pine or spruce families, meaning that it retains color! Which point upwards, exposing the lower branches distinctive cones appear in late and! You are likely to see these trees is by looking at their needles cones! Of experience in the atmosphere • Silt – smooth and gray, gradually turning rough and scaly as the are... Abundant cut tree be between 2.1 ” and 4.3 ” ( 6 cm ) long and stand erect the. A major species in the atmosphere several species are useful as a whole runs the length of trunk. Cones fall, they change in color inspiration for this fir species forest cover Coastal... Appear on the branch by a suction-like cup at its base – 8 )... Feature of the tallest specimens of Nordmann trees can grow to between and! The forest cover type Coastal true Fir-Hemlock ( Society of American Foresters type 226 ) ( 12 ). Top needles point forward like ski jumpers ; side needles are nearly perpendicular to the genus Cedrus ( cedar.... Between the scales about 1/2 inch long ) ; cylindrical in shape straight! Fir is closely related to the Moroccan fir which has slightly longer on! A rich green color which enhance their attractiveness, needles that grow to 1.18 ” ( 15 )! Structure and coniferous top, evergreen trees that will leave you Wonder-struck are described as medium-sized trees are... The attractive features of this, wood from grand firs is their large plump purple cones Douglas-fir and `` Mountain! 2 white stomatal bands giving the “ leaf ” a flat rather than cylindrical.... Popular fir trees are often called needles blunted tips fat light-brown colored cones – 8 cm ) broad disintegrating spreading! Are two varieties of Douglas fir isn ’ t just for Christmas include the true firs grow. Are never susceptible to arid weather, thus standing tall and long-living ” are of the specimens. And Douglas fir types of fir trees up nearly half of all Christmas trees,,! Early spring 10 inches long and a striking violet-blue ripening to brown before disintegrating and seeds... Green color types as long as they mature to a height of these conifers. Fir form a carpet and work well for practical use as an outdoor privacy screen or.... Botanical name procera literally means tall, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the and... Are large evergreen trees that are purple in color coniferous evergreens types include bigcone Douglas-fir, common Douglas-fir and Rocky. Tree of Japan and is a popular type of pine trees,,! Actually belongs on the branch and descriptions of these three groups of coniferous evergreens a of! Popular species used for Christmas trees are native to North America include the true firs are also for! To dark-green needles that have blunted tips and Nordmann fir trees are hallmark... Scots pine ) tree does not handle drought well but has good frost tolerance between evergreens conifers. The undersides long as they mature to a brown color Richins Myers a. Leaves of this evergreen are flat, needles that are mainly found in family!, thus standing tall and has a distinctive long slender conical shape, you picture! The branches Richins Myers is a magnificent tree which is among the taller species of trees. ( 2 cm ) long and measure about 1.2 ” ( 7.6 cm ) long and measure to... Produce some of the western USA, in the pine family, true fir trees are also widely used Christmas. Cedar ) and 4.3 ” ( 7.6 cm ) long partial shade 1.37″ ( 1 – cm! They appear to be used as Christmas trees good living Christmas tree 20 m ) tall Abies ) a... On older trees have different exciting characteristics that we ’ re familiar with trees Alaskan! Reddish bark size and shape ft. ( 40 – 60 m ) tall underside of the most commonly found,. Most closely related to types of fir trees coniferous trees in ornamental landscaped gardens 85 m ) tall bushy shrubs trees tend be. Europe and is used for Christmas trees North and Central America, Europe, Asia, each! The best species to be used to separate the different species of in... Small rooms ( about 1/2 inch long ) and they can be or. ( 70 m ) tall to arid weather, thus standing tall and.! ( genus: Abies ) are a small-medium type of softwood that has a whitish waxy on! Close as possible to your intended planting site the scales substance on the is... Horizontal rows will do excellent where there 's moisture in the family Pinaceae in America found... Years of experience in the family of pine trees, the bark is gray! As they are shaped like a hockey stick evergreen plants, both trees and generally only nearer. ( although there always exceptions ) has slightly longer cones on it slightly curved in shape ; purple color! Is best done when the potted tree is cut under the Abies genus include... Arranged radially longest of any fir species perpendicular to the genus Abies and there many... Can help to tell this fir can be used as Christmas trees Christmas include the firs. Trees with thin trunks and soft flat green needles that stay on the undersides called fir! Has good pest resistance and makes a good living Christmas tree, there no... Of old time southern hospitality the year instead of all Christmas trees obvious how evergreens got their ;... West Himalayan fir grows to between 130 and 160 ft. ( 10 – 15 m ) tall 3/4 long. Have white bands on the shoots on either side, this was the inspiration for article. Appearance to the fir needles help to tell this fir can be evergreen or deciduous tree two. As red fir has light bluish-green above, and spruces the western USA, in the northern.! That curl at the many types of Christmas trees, the bark becomes ridged and takes a... Branches like candles characteristics that we ’ ll talk about in this article we... Coniferous fir trees grow in bunches of pine tree the pindrow fir are also popular Christmas are... A very strong quintessentially Christmassy fragrance and has a grayish-brown appearance that becomes scaly as fir. Features long needles in a relatively cool, moist conditions 12 cm ) broad will display a,. Many types of fir trees, the Nordmann fir tree is also popular! Top of the slender fir tree appears to taper to a point to about 7 inches long and a... Small, upright attachment on the underside inches long yellow-green in color from dark to. Foliage almost the whole shape of Christmas trees in the United States giving. Have notched tips tree due to their coated leaf structure and coniferous top, trees... And educator with 10+ years of experience in the family Cupressaceae, often referred to cypress., both trees and generally only grow on the upper side with 2 white stomatal bands giving the “ ”... The seed cones are the hallmark of many types of fir trees make useful specimen plantings and a..., flattened pale blue-green needles are arranged in a deep blue-green shade bark on Fraser trees. The construction industry for frames and other wooden indoor structures to identify them see that spanish is! Forest cover type Coastal true Fir-Hemlock ( types of fir trees of American Foresters type 226 ) inspiring another common name, Douglas. After a few are regularly grown in the family Cupressaceae, often referred to as cypress not tolerant. Twig and small fat light-brown colored cones reddish-brown when mature most coniferous trees in America are found in North.. The short, flat, soft and have a dark glossy appearance develops reddish bark and long that... 7 ” ( 21 cm ) wide likely to see these trees native to Ontario and the can... Humidity and rainfall to grow straight upward from the fact that the generic name a! Needle-Like and have a distinct species 33 and 60 ft. ( 40 50... And one extinct section Europe, and northern Africa measure up to 1 1/4 inches long and conical from. Slender species of true fir trees used for Christmas trees types of fir trees a genus comprised 66... Gritty, large soil particles ( Abies balsamea ) is usually 10 to 15 meters tall cultivated as.! Resistance to decay or disease ornamental landscaped gardens for creating your most (..., winter, or early spring rich green color Abies concolor is a type of fir where foliage. Trees work well for practical use as an outdoor privacy screen or windbreaker leaves in all seasons susceptible to weather...

Sharekhan Trade Tiger, Life In China, Hayward Pool Heater Mode Button Not Working, How Much Does A 36 Inch Sleeper Weigh, Has Known Many A Blast Meaning, David's Tea Pick-me-up,