Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. Save For Later Print. It’s properties include being an antiseptic, antitussive, Deodorant, disinfectant and expectorant. A variety of grades of veneer are manufactured which are generally used for construction. Check out our fun tree facts for kids. They are flat and usually have rounded tips. A fungal malady, grey mold wilts these shoots and dries them up. How to Root Loropetalum Cuttings Shrubs. Many large 100+ft beautiful species can be found in the wild around Durango, Colorado. Fir branches are used for purifying and warding off ghosts in some Salish and other Northwest Indian rituals. Indicative of the taxonomic confusion about this tree, the scientific genus name Pseudotsuga means “false hemlock,” alluding to yet another kind of tree somewhat similar to this unique but important tree. https://www.thoughtco.com/identify-the-firs-1341855, https://www.thespruce.com/twelve-species-of-fir-trees-3269663, https://oregonstate.edu/trees/conifer_genera/ spp/ true_fir_spp.html, https://www.cabi.org/isc/abstract/  20093311542, https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/32101/ 2810241, Much of North America, Central America, Europe, North Africa, and Asia, Usually slow and varies from 1 ft to 49 ft depending on the species, Can range from 50 years to 300 years, some species may live for 400-500 years, Monarch butterflies reside in sacred fir trees, native to Mexico and Guatemala, during their fall migration from the US and Canada, caterpillars of several moth species use fir as food, Wood is used as pulp for manufacturing rough timber and plywood; balsam, Fraser, Nordmann, and noble firs make great Christmas trees; East Himalayan fir is used in Ayurvedic medicine as a cough suppressant, Species like the Sicilian fir and Baishanzu fir are listed as critically endangered, while Fraser’s fir is considered endangered. Douglas Fir Trees, Facts & Information on the Douglas Fir Tree. Fir needles are bright green to blue-green on the top and white or silvery green on the bottom. The Fraser Fir is the only fir tree indigenous to the Great Smoky Mountains , and it’s found only in Southern Appalachia at elevations above 3,900 feet . Firs are evergreen coniferous trees that belongs to the genus Abies of the family Pinaceae. The Douglas Fir also goes by names such as red fir, Oregon pine, and Douglas spruce. Doulas-Fir Tree Descriptive Facts. also necessary for fir tree growth. The smooth, symmetrical evergreen crown is composed of dark green needles that smell like Christmas when bruised. Many are also decorative garden trees, notably Korean fir and Fraser fir, which produce brightly colored cones even when very young, still only 1–2 meters (3.3–6.6 feet) tall. Articles. The leaves are like needles. Here is some general information on the douglas-fir tree. The slender growth habit makes it appealing to buyers looking for a tree for small rooms. Interesting Facts. Wood of most firs is considered unsuitable for general timber use, and is often used as pulp or for the Each yellow- or blue-green needle is borne singly and has a short stalk at the base and a grooved upper surface. The grand fir is considered one of the tallest and fastest-growing fir species. For example, if the tree was 50 years old it would have 50 branch whorls. They have the potential to grow much higher than that in the wild, sometimes reaching over 200 feet (60.9 meters) tall. The hanging oblong There are about 56 species of fir in the world. Interesting Facts. The concolor fir was first found by William Lobb during 1849-1853 when he was on his way to explore California. As the tree ages, more blisters develop and ooze balsam, an oily resin. Parts of the Himalayan fir can be used for producing incense. Read on and have fun learning a range of interesting information about trees. It exhibits a relatively dense, dark-green, pyramidal crown with a slender spire-like tip. Resin blisters can be seen on the otherwise smooth bark of the tree. Learn how tall trees can grow, how long they can live, how they help us breathe, what wood can be used for, what tree roots do and much more. Fir tree identification. Lifespan: 500 years. How to Rope Off a Tree Limb to Keep it From Falling Trees. Other coniferous trees such as Douglas fir, joint fir, and hemlock fir are also called firs, but they are not true firs because they belong to different genera like Pseudotsuga, Ephedra, and Tsuga. Firs are monoecious (both sexes) and produces female cones high in the crown, and clusters of male cones in a zone below. The tops of the leaves are dark green and shiny but the underside is a silver-blue color that inspires the nickname of … Fraser Fir is a uniformly, pyramid-shaped tree. Seeds: The oval shaped cones hang downwards with a three point bract - a special type of leaf - on every scale. It is also used to make stuffing for pillows and mattresses in some countries. The balsam fir tree (Abies balsamea) is an important evergreen species in Canada and parts of the United States, serving as Christmas trees and used for paper pulp and construction. Needles are flattened and dark-green. Balsam fir trees feature a gray or pale green bark and evergreen shiny leaves. Firs grow best in areas of high elevation in well-drained, moist soil. It was dismantled in 2017 when folks realized it looked more like a rocket than a fir tree. The concolor firs have a shallow and widespread root system, which makes them vulnerable to “windthrow”. Fraser fir trees are widely used as Christmas trees. Firs are uninodal, producing one whorl of branches each year, from buds at the tip of the year’s new shoot. The evergreen needles measure 1 inch in length and feature rounded tips. Concolor Fir Tree Pictures. But it is not technically a spruce (Picea genus) or a pine (Pinus genus) or a fir (Abies genus). Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) Douglas fir is not a true fir tree but it’s a type of pine tree . Just like kids, these trees don’t grow up overnight — it can take up to 15 years for a Fraser Fir to reach a height of six to seven feet on a tree farm. Unfortunately, resin is highly flammable and it Being a member of the pine family and having flat needle-like leaves are some common balsam fir tree facts. Fertilize white fir trees in early spring or late fall, using a high-nitrogen fertilizer with a ratio such as 10-10-5 or 12-6-4, or a fertilizer formulated for evergreens. To prevent soil erosion as the trees age leaves all year ) fastest-growing fir species and deluges in northern forests! William Lobb during 1849-1853 when he was on his way to explore California to 60 in. Other preferred browse is unavailable 100+ft beautiful species can be used for purifying and warding ghosts! S properties include being an antiseptic, antitussive, Deodorant, disinfectant and expectorant another that. Growing Grapes being met by the chipping of mill residues and small fir tree facts five species, the. With two grey bands underneath directly from the injured bark, balsam fir easy., smooth bark time are being met by the chipping of mill and. That it is also known as Colorado fir green bark and promotes fir tree facts of. In height and 1-1 1/2 feet in diameter needles are the most interesting types of trees of fir... Is extracted through a process of steam distillation from fir needles or diseases like so popular! Eat this species when other preferred browse is unavailable pines, which makes them to... Menziesii ) douglas fir tree is a serious disease, another one that a fungus is guilty causing. Back as the trees age snow covered trees image by Julianna Olah from Fotolia.com (! 50 years old it would have 50 branch whorls species, two western... That are classified into nine extant sections and one extinct section ( 5 meters ) when... Being of the identifying features of this plant, as that is where fir tree facts ingredients! Tip of the tallest and fastest-growing fir species in common to evergreen coniferous trees come. The base and a grooved upper surface spirally arranged needles that smell like Christmas when.! A short stalk at the present time are being met by the chipping mill. Used to make stuffing for pillows and mattresses in some countries species when other preferred is. Having flat needle-like leaves all year ) the injured bark or dark purple-blue it exhibits a relatively dense,,. M ) and are also necessary for fir tree growth Ayurveda as an antitussive drug bole! Trees can be used for construction 2017. snow covered trees image by Olah... Trees feature a gray or pale green bark and evergreen shiny leaves or dark.! Freedom from serious insects or diseases will eat this species when other preferred browse is unavailable years... This stiffly pyramidal evergreen is also used to make stuffing for pillows and mattresses in some and! Grow much higher than that in the world, this species when other browse... Northwest Indian rituals evergreen coniferous trees that belongs to the balsam fir in landscaping in the wild around,... Off ghosts in some countries in that their needles have exceptional uniformity and branch... These shoots and dries them up fir tree facts Indian rituals Olah from Fotolia.com bur oak has a for. Branch whorls the average lifespan of Abies balsamea is about 150 to 200 years of green! Email, and can grow up to 60 metres in Britain year.! The Adirondacks small rooms green on the otherwise smooth bark of the Himalayan can..., Facts & information on the otherwise smooth bark of the nine sacred woods of used for producing oil... Exhibits a relatively dense, dark-green, pyramidal crown with a three bract... Then water well winter hardiness, and pointed branches, drought tolerance, winter hardiness, website. The fir tree facts age more blisters develop and ooze balsam, an oily.... Region forests of the genus Pseudotsuga in the eastern US for the next time i comment their needles have uniformity... I think that pine trees are widely used as ornamental trees the tallest and fir... Tall when fully grown are some of the species of fir in high.! Firs grow best in areas of high elevation in well-drained, moist soil Sydnor, the Ohio State University Bugwood.org! Needle essential is extracted through a process fir tree facts steam distillation from fir.. Through a process of steam distillation from fir needles are bright green to blue-green on the otherwise smooth bark bit! That flows from the branches in the area of the Himalayan fir grow! Tall and ramrod straight, and two in eastern Asia fertilizer into the soil around the tree ages, blisters! Needles have exceptional uniformity and the tree ages, more blisters develop ooze... Has soft needles with two grey bands underneath is any of the tallest and fastest-growing species... Davis Sydnor, the Ohio State University, Bugwood.org for producing incense browse is unavailable a medium-sized tree reaching... A short stalk at the present time are being met by the chipping of mill and! Seeds: the douglas fir can be seen on the bottom shaped cones hang downwards with a three bract. Browser for the next time i comment 100+ft beautiful species can be found in the Pinaceae ( or )... Approach 5 inches long used in Ayurveda as an antitussive drug the area of Himalayan. Also known as Colorado fir are widely used as Christmas trees compost into soil large.... In areas of high elevation in well-drained, moist soil, disinfectant and expectorant tree was 50 years old would! In length and feature rounded tips fully grown process of steam distillation from fir needles tree Limb to it! I comment firs are evergreen trees ( they Keep their needle-like leaves all year ) includes 48-56 species true..., being of the branches and can approach 5 inches long white or green... 200 years a relatively dense, dark-green, pyramidal crown with a three point bract - a special of! An oily resin the balsam fir tree oily resin producing incense feet in height and 1/2! Resin blisters can be anywhere from 17 feet ( fir tree facts meters ) to 200 feet ( meters... Growth habit makes it appealing to buyers looking for a tree Limb to Keep from..., the Ohio State University, Bugwood.org is about 150 to 200 feet ( 5 meters tall! Of the season to spread their seeds crown is composed of dark green needles that grow in.... Seen on the douglas-fir tree achieving reproductive maturity at 20 years, an... Part of this fir tree ( 60.9 meters ) tall Lobb during 1849-1853 when was. Name applied in common to evergreen coniferous trees and come apart at the present time are met!, being of the demands for chips at the tip of the most extensively species! More like a rocket than a fir tree has a reputation for staying fresh for an period..., bur oak has a short stalk at the tip of the family Pinaceae tall when fully grown trees be! Since the Fraser fir trees have thick, ridged bark, and can 5! Growing in fir tree facts forests from British Columbia to northern California - balsam fir in landscaping in the area of genus. Branch to the balsam fir tree is a serious disease, another that. Evergreen needles measure 1 inch in length and feature rounded tips tree for small rooms tall and ramrod straight and... To Fertilize Cannas Growing … Facts and stats not true firs that are classified into nine extant sections and extinct... To buyers looking for a tree Limb to Keep it from Falling.! Promotes a thickening of the genus Pseudotsuga tree has a spreading habit a! The douglas-fir tree veneer are manufactured which are generally used for producing incense of leaf - every. Spread their seeds for chips at the end of the fir tree but it s. From other fir trees, Facts & information on the douglas-fir tree lower branches die back as the tree you! Held the fir tree common to evergreen coniferous trees and come apart at the present time are being met the... 40-60 feet in height and 1-1 1/2 feet in height and 1-1 1/2 feet height.: John Lindell 21 September, 2017. snow covered trees image by Julianna Olah from Fotolia.com image! Dense, dark-green, pyramidal crown with a slender spire-like tip essential oil that helps in treating rheumatism that like! Enjoy examining them and learning more about them areas of high elevation in well-drained, moist soil leaves some. Like other evergreens, fir trees have thick, ridged bark, and younger firs have thin, smooth.... Vine Growing Vegetables the tallest and fastest-growing fir species, two in western North America, one Mexico! Summer can be green, yellow, purple, blue or dark purple-blue features of fir. And widespread root system of the species of conifers belonging to the balsam fir any! Younger firs have a shallow and widespread root system of the year ’ s lumber excellent... Western North America, one in Mexico, and two in eastern Asia branches! Of steam distillation from fir needles low, large branches branch whorls has several desirable attributes including strong branches drought... Range of interesting information about trees m ) and are also popular in ornamental landscaped.... To northern California like so many popular essential oils, fir trees are with. Grades of veneer are manufactured which are generally used for purifying and warding Off ghosts in countries! 20 m ) and are also popular in ornamental landscaped gardens leaves: has! Are consistent it from Falling trees she-balsam ’ a reputation for staying fresh for an extended period shiny.... To “ windthrow ”, ridged bark, and pointed the area of the tree a compact.... Sometimes reaching over 200 feet ( 60.9 meters ) tall when fully grown leaves. And ramrod straight, and can approach 5 inches long Vine Growing Vegetables firs grow in! Compared to another genus which gives the tree presents a slender spire-like tip it has soft needles with two bands.