Three women are listed in Romans 16:12. Paul goes on to mention two other friends, Verses 5-6: Greet my dear friend Epaenetus, who was the first convert to Christ in the province of Asia. Rom. All of Paul’s advice in 1 Timothy 2:8-15 is very specific. (These are the only places in the NT letters where this verb is used this verb.). Five names are given in verse 14. 11:17ff and 1 Cor. This is the concluding study from Romans Chapter 16. Now they are in Rome, having traveled from Corinth and Ephesus. [2] Two ninth-century manuscripts of Paul’s letters, Augiensis (F) and Boernerianus (G), have a  slightly different name, the name Olympida, which is the accusative form of the name Olympis. Likewise, 1 Timothy 2:11-15 refers specifically to a woman who was behaving badly. Everyone has heard about your obedience, so I am full of joy over you; but I want you to be wise about what is good, and innocent about what is evil. God bless you! See on Romans 16:7; (note).. Of the household of Narcissus - Probably dead also, as we have supposed Aristobulus to have been at this time. 1:1). Like Epaenetus, Ampliatus and Stachys (three men mentioned above), Paul refers to Persis, a woman, as a dear friend (“beloved”). Part of this was based on the fact that I Corinthians 11:17 shows a clear transition to the believers meeting together, which is not clearly mentioned in I Corinthians 11:2-16. It’s interesting to speculate what they might have been, but calling it “teaching” is a huge stretch. One wonders at the number of them, considering that the writer had never been at Rome. Philippiansologus means "a lover of the word," and this was probably a nickname given to him, just as Barnabas was called "the son of consolation," even though that was not his name. A shepherd who only feeds the male sheep in his flock? We cannot be certain of all those details, but much is suggested by this. I commend to you Phoebe our sister, who is a servant of the church in Cenchrea, that you may receive her in the Lord in a manner worthy of the saints, and assist her in whatever business she has need of you; for indeed she has been a helper of many and of myself also. CEB. The most famous Narcissus we know in Roman history was a former slave who became the personal secretary of the Emperor Claudius. I appreciate the information and background, and you have helped me better understand these verses. You can picture them gathered in the home of Gaius, this gracious, genial, generous host of the city, mentioned in Paul's first letter to the Corinthians. Adam Clarke Commentary. This just shows again here that many women helped with Paul's ministry. 22. In fact, we read in Mark 16:15, “And he said unto them, Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature.” It is the same Greek word used here as in Romans 8:19-22. It is incorrect to say that the smaller meetings were less formal. Paul introduces her to the Romans in terms of her ministry. Moving on to page 24: I have never heard 1 Timothy 2:15 CSB described as “a domestic issue,” as Dr David Scholer put it. But here in Rome there were at least three, and probably many more, house churches where Christians gathered and one of them was in the home of Priscilla and Aquila. Junia Romans 16:7, Greet Andronicus and Junia, my fellow Jews who have been in prison with me. ), Rufus’ mother is the eighth woman listed in Romans 16:1-16. Their methods are to come on with smooth and plausible talk. Thus he has been approved in Christ. All the churches of Christ send greetings. I have also seen that the idea of it meaning seizing authority being criticized on the grounds that the prohibition is not about usurping the authority of a teacher, but any man. We pray that you will grant to us, Lord, similar faith that we too may share with you in a time of testing, a time of rebuke and pressure and persecution and trouble, and stand steadfast to the end, for your name's sake. Paul stayed in Jason's home when a riot broke out in the city. That is a sexist term. There is only one more thing that I am curious about. Romans 16 is the sixteenth (and the last) chapter of the Epistle to the Romans in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.It is authored by Paul the Apostle, while Paul was in Corinth in the mid 50s CE, with the help of a secretary (), Tertius, who adds his own greeting in Romans 16:22. Phoebe is described as a diakonos of the church at Cenchrea, but some insist she was not a minister but a servant. Approaching this term from a statistical perspective, we should expect to find the non-technical sense In Romans 16:1. Twenty-nine people are mentioned in Romans 16:1-16, with twenty-eight based in Rome. Hearing and seeing the amazing names of God helps us know who God is, and it gives us a deep sense of awe for our wonderful and great God and Father. For permission to use this content, please review Tryphaena and Tryphosa: Not too Dainty to Work Hard in the Lord by Dr Dominika Kurek-Chomycz, Partnering Together: Paul and Women Romans 16 begins with a recommendation which was written in order to introduce a woman by the name of Phoebe to the Christian community in Rome. Tryphosa Romans 16:12, Greet those labourers in the Lord, Tryphaena and Tryphosa. There is something in all of us that wants to see our names preserved. Later they became Christians, and Paul cherished them as friends he had known even before his own Christian days. Further, Paul had not visited the church or churches in Rome, but he seems to have known many of the saints there very well.… (His brother, Quartus, Fourth, is mentioned in Verse 23.) 11:33-34). (Romans 16:21-24 NIV). As does the one prohibition interpretation: “I am not allowing a woman to teach a man in a domineering manner …”. There are 24 names mentioned in Rome -- 17 men and 7 women. My thanks to Pastor Moore, too, then! They figure prominently in the list of greetings Paul sends to the Christians at Rome, with 10 of the 29 people mentioned being women. 16:7, 11, 16:21 NIV; cf. But it is very clear from this mention here that there were Christians among his household. 4They risked their lives for me. Others he may have known by reputation. What is especially interesting, however, is that seven of the ten women are described in terms of their ministry (Phoebe, Prisca, Mary, Junia, Tryphena, Tryphosa, Persis). So, here are the names for God in the Bible. 16:15). The earliest translations of 1 Tim 2:12 (in Syriac and Latin) don’t sound positive to me. We know nothing about Paul's dear friend Persis, other than that she too had worked with him somewhere, perhaps traveling in his company of evangelists. It is this group, probably, that Paul is referring to. Olympas Romans 16:15, Say hello to Philologus and Julia, Nereus and his sister, and Olympas, and all the saints who are with them. Romans 16:7. Julia; probably the wife of Philologus. Not only I but all the churches of the Gentiles are grateful to them. The peace will be preserved without a lot of warfare and dissension. Luke tells us that after two years there, Paul left to go to the great city of Ephesus, and Priscilla and Aquila went with him. Greet Ampliatus, whom I love in the Lord. He is not mentioned elsewhere. Become a Patron! None of the names mentioned from Romans 16:5-15 are otherwise known. You have a spirit of wanting to obey what the Lord says. It all depends on the name "Junias." He was a dear friend (literally, “beloved”) of Paul, but we know nothing about him apart from Paul’s claim that he was the first person in Asia Minor who became a Christian. It is hard to tell whether this is a husband and wife team, or two brothers. In this portion, that is not the meaning at all. This man will forever be known as one who endured a testing of his faith and who stood against the pressure. Phoebe -female -deacon -probably a business woman -has social position, independence -was a great help to Paul and others -is entrusted to take the letter from Paul to Rome -from Corinth. But they were not compiled until later, and they were not regarded as scripture until later. Most of the names in this chapter are members of the Roman church that Paul is sending greetings to. The Hebrew and Greek scriptures were all handwritten and extremely expensive. Just like Prisca and Aquila, Urbanus, a man, is described using Paul’s favourite word for a fellow minister: coworker. In Greek, Latin and other languages, the names Miriam and Maria are the same as Mary. I am not going to finish it today, however. We can see from these names that Roman society had already been infiltrated by the gospel before Paul ever arrived in the city. 16:15). Jason was evidently Paul's host when the apostle went to the city of Thessalonica, in Macedonia. 1 Timothy 2:11-15 is a continuation of this. She was not behaving badly towards women, but to a man, probably her husband, so there’s no reason to mention women. The people Paul greets are male and female, young and old, Jew and Gentile, slave and free. Furthermore, Paul ends his list with a call for mutual and reciprocal salutations among the Roman Christians. 22I, Tertius, who wrote down this letter, greet you in the Lord. A large number of those named were personal acquaintances of Paul; some had rendered him special service; many were, no doubt, his own converts. But let me quickly add that Edgar’s statement that “to murder” was a common meaning of authenteō is simply wrong. Paul does not say to do any of those things. And while claiming that authenteō can have a positive meaning, he does not give a single example where this is the case. One is, “Contextualized Interpretation of I Timothy 2:12: An Analysis,” and the other is, “I Timothy 2:12: An Analysis of Restrictive Interpretation.” I have been reading some of your articles on 1 Timothy, and I would appreciate your thoughts on Edgar’s papers. Paul describes Rufus as “chosen” or “elect.” (This is the same word used to describe the lady addressed in 2 John and her sister. Nympha is mentioned as having a church that meets in her house, but some insist she was not a church leader. And what a testimony they left us. 19Everyone has heard about your obedience, so I am full of joy over you; but I want you to be wise about what is good, and innocent about what is evil. More about Mary of Rome and Paul’s use of “labour” terminology here. In this case, the first mention of Mary in the Bible would be Miriam, the sister of Moses, in Exodus. Find her in Romans 16:6. Ampliatus in an interesting name. That was part of my devotional scripture reading this morning and since I have been long-intrigued by it and have wanted to distinguish the names by gender, I decided to take time to Google it as a question I have needed to ask for a long time. But this passage is not a dry list of names. 11:2-16 is about a man or woman praying or prophesying to themselves in the privacy of their own home. Though we do not know the details, it is evident that this man became a Christian and there is a hint in the book of Acts that he was present on the day of Pentecost. Nine of these people were with Paul — eight men and one woman. It was a popular name. For that I am very grateful. The danger, as Paul outlines it, is that they create factions within a church -- that is, little dissident groups that gather about and emphasize one particular point of doctrine or teaching, to the exclusion of everything else. 10Greet Apelles, tested and approved in Christ. 16:7 The name Junia is a woman’s name. We do not know what Epaenetus was doing in Rome, but he was cherished because he was the first to exercise faith in Asia. I was delighted to see your information and article pop up and immediately delved into it. Note that these four labouring women in Romans 16 are not mentioned with a man. He is not mentioned elsewhere. The early Christians did not believe that. There is an Alexander who comes to the rescue of Paul in the city of Ephesus, at the time of the outcry there. He had met some of them when his and their journeys intersected (e.g., Priscilla and Aquila, Andronicus and Junia). In Romans 16 Paul uses this term three times (see verses 7,11,21) and he names six people as his kinsmen. Message transcript and recording © 1977 by Ray Stedman Ministries, owner of sole copyright by assignment from the author. And associated with him is Mary, whom Paul calls "Mary the toiler." I’ve heard a few complementarian scholars use the word “positive” in discussions when describing “to teach” and authentein, but I really don’t know what they mean. These are numbers worth remembering. But I have always been fascinated by this man Apelles, whom Paul says has been "tested and approved in Christ." We meet this couple in other letters of Paul. 19. When Paul wrote this he probably smiled to himself, for their names mean "dainty" and "delicate" -- yet they were hard workers. She is called by the apostle "a servant of the church in Cenchreae." 11:10). What a relief, not to be bothered with a church building program! 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