PLAY. RegressionC. Defense mechanisms were first described by Sigmund Freud, an Austrian psychiatrist, who is regarded as the father of psychoanalysis. Options A, B, and C: None of the remaining defense mechanisms involves making excuses for behaviors. Chapter 1 Introduction to Mental Health Nursing 13 100366 C P Ed /NJ/CHET A F i P N 13 C/M/Y/K/PMS DESIGN SERVICES OF TABLE 1.2 Defense Mechanisms Defense Mechanism Example(s) Use/Purpose Sublimation Displacement of energy associated with more primitive sexual or Example: A patient who says something bad about a friend may try to undo the harm by saying nice things about her or by being nice to her and apologizing. Example: A woman newly diagnosed with end-stage-cancer says, “I’ll be okay, it’s not a big deal”. A. SublimationB. Option D: In reaction formation, the client acts in opposition to his feelings. A woman who overextended credit cards rationalizes that she can use er savings to pay for a new dress she recently purchased. Chapter 7: Coping and Defense Mechanisms Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Denial is the refusal to accept reality or fact, acting as if a painful event, thought or feeling did not exist. ProjectionD. The 3-year old child who begins wetting his pants after the birth of a new sibling. ProjectionD. Option C: Projection is a defense mechanism in which one blames others and attempts to justify actions; it’s used primarily by people with paranoid schizophrenia and delusional disorder. 2. Recognizing defense mechanisms. Reaction-formation. The results indicate that burnout and some of the defense mechanisms predicted the level of hopelessness -- a predictor of suicide risk. In sublimation, a person transforms unacceptable needs in acceptable ambitions and actions. Nurse Raffy recognizes that paranoid delusions usually are related to the defense mechanism of: Option D: Projection is a mechanism in which inner thoughts and feelings are projected onto the environment, seeming to come from outside the self rather than from within. in a common reaction to a serious diagnosis or at the time of death. The married woman who expresses hostility toward a male co-worker to avoid dealing with her sexual attraction to him. Please visit using a browser with javascript enabled. Role Of Defense Mechanisms Nursing Essay. Care Plans All Nursing Care Plans Example: A previously toilet-trained preschool child begins to wet his bed every night after his baby brother is born. The phrase, “They’re in denial” is commonly understood to mean a person is avoiding realit… The college student who feels angry and hostile toward her professor is overtly friendly and agreeable in class. Option D: Rationalization is a defense mechanism used to justify one’s action. Defense Mechanisms. Nurses Depersonalization Defense Mechanisms Emotional Exhaustion Defense Styles Occupational Burnout Personal Achievement 1. In this study guide, we will be discussing defensive mechanisms including the different types and how they manifest in a person. A person in denial protects himself from reality – especially the unpleasant aspects of life – by refusing to perceive, acknowledge, or face it. Nurse Lucas is aware that the defense mechanism commonly used by clients who are alcoholics is: A. DisplacementB. Refusal to accept reality; Regression. Learning defense mechanism has become an integral component of psychotherapy. These mechanisms operate outside our conscious awareness and help us to deflect unpleasant feelings such as anxiety or enhance our feelings about good things. Defense mechanisms is how someone respond to a situation in life. … More information Defense Mechanisms Nursing Care Management 3. Many people use denial in their everyday lives to avoid dealing with painful feelings or areas of their life they don’t wish to admit. This is a common defense mechanism used by clients with substance abuse problems. If loading fails, click here to try again. The patient and his family should be allowed to deny the situation until they are prepared to face the reality. They vary in their desires to reach their potential. Reverting back to an earlier stage of childhood; Projection Defence mechanisms are unconscious and are not to be confused with conscious coping strategies. Announcement!! Mar 18, 2020 - The term defense mechanism refers to a predominantly unconscious self-protective process that seeks to shield the ego from intense feelings or affect and impulses. Mr. Warren, an attorney who throws books and furniture around the office after losing a case is referred to the psychiatric nurse in the law firm’s employee assistance program. Example: A woman who was sexually abused as a young child can’t remember the abuse but experiences uneasy feelings when she goes near the place where the abuse occurred. The woman who is unable to bear children begins working in a preschool. Acting out refers to repeating certain actions to ward off anxiety without … Practice Mode – Questions and choices are randomly arranged, the answer is revealed instantly after each question, and there is no time limit for the exam. Marianne is a staff nurse during the day and a Nurseslabs writer at night. 1. People use defense, or coping, mechanisms to relieve anxiety. Defense mechanism and the nurse  Understanding defense mechanism will enable the nurse to support the patient and his family. The purpose of defense mechanisms is to attempt to reduce anxiety and to reestablish equilibrium. Example: An adolescent takes up jogging because he failed to make the swimming team. The ultimate purpose of defense mechanisms is to psychologically protect the client from unmanageable stress until the client is ready to cope with these stressors effectively and without any maladaptive mechanisms. Option D: Rationalization is the defense mechanism that involves offering excuses for maladaptive behavior. Rationalization. A rape victim attempts to forget the incident and fails to report it to the proper authorities. Your patient is sternly criticized by her doctor for not complying with the medication regimen. Nurseslabs – NCLEX Practice Questions, Nursing Study Guides, and Care Plans, Nursing Test Bank and Nursing Practice Questions for Free, NCLEX Practice Questions Test Bank (2021 Update), Arterial Blood Gas Interpretation for NCLEX (40 Questions), Arterial Blood Gas Analysis Made Easy with Tic-Tac-Toe Method, Select All That Apply NCLEX Practice Questions and Tips (100 Items), IV Flow Rate Calculation NCLEX Reviewer & Practice Questions (60 Items), EKG Interpretation & Heart Arrhythmias Cheat Sheet. Protecting the Self: Defense Mechanisms in Action The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease: October 2007 - Volume 195 - Issue 10 - p 881 doi: 10.1097/NMD.0b013e3181572a1a Blame of other’s or things for one’s own feelings or thoughts. Normal form of dealing with undesirable feelings or thoughts by keeping them in an acceptable context. Mental Health Nursing Defense Mechanisms. 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